There are a few misconceptions associated with fencing. Maybe you saw a sword-fighting scene on TV or a movie.  As a sport, it is much more involved that you might have originally thought. If you have always been curious about what is fencing like, we’re more than happy to teach you a few things.

Fencing is a combat sport that is based on three disciplines. The three disciplines in modern fencing are the foil, the épée, and the sabre. You gain points through contact with your opponent. Believe it or not, it was one of the first sports played in the Olympics. Fencing also has a rich history behind it. The sport is based on the traditional skills of swordsmanship.

The modern sport of fencing arose at the end of the 19th century. The Italian school modified the historical European martial art of classical fencing, and later the French school later refining the Italian system. Modern fencing is comprised of three forms, each of which is based off a different set of rules. Thus, it is divided into three competitive styles: foil, épée, and sabre. Competitive fencers typical choose to specialize in one only one discipline. Fun fact: it is one of the five sports that have been featured in every modern Olympic Games.

If you are curious to see what fencing is like, watch this video.

Fencing is a sport that benefits both the mind and body. It fosters the development of Strength, Integrity and Intelligence.

Fencing Will Make You Stronger

As a sport of fencing promotes coordination, flexibility, muscle tone, and stamina. It is both a dynamic and enjoyable exercise.   If you are looking for a cardio workout, this sport is a great choice.

It Promotes Intelligence

When you are fencing, it requires both observation and analysis of your opponent. Your fencing class will emphasize strategy, tactics, and the ability to think on your feet.

Learn Integrity

The best part is, fencing fosters personal discipline and good sportsmanship. Courtesy and adherence to the rules are a key element in fencing. This makes the sport a safe and fun activity for all participants.

The Three Types of Disciplines

As stated before, there are three disciplines in modern fencing: foil, épée, and sabre. These are actually the names of different weapons. Each weapon has its own rules and strategies. The Equipment required for these disciplines includes at least 2 swords, a Lame (not for épée), a white jacket, underarm protector, two body and mask cords, knee high socks, glove and knickers.

The Foil

This is the smallest weapon of all in fencing. Most beginners start with a foil. The target area for foil is upper body only AVOIDING arm and neck areas. Foil fencers must wear a metallic vest called a lame for target area. A lame does not protect fencers but it serves as a target area. Foil masks were previously the same as the epee masks. However, local tournaments may or may not require the conductive bib for foil fencing. Foil is the most popular fencing sport in the U.S. compared to epee and sabre. FIE foil blades are NOT required in U.S. local or national tournaments but are required for all international tournaments.

The Épée

The Epee has a bigger guard compared to foil. Additionally, The blade on the epee weapon is also wider, thicker, and heavier. The target area is from head to toe. Some epee blades are FIE approved. The FIE (International Fencing Federation) approved blades are usually made from a type of high-end stainless steel metal called Maragine. The FIE blades are a little heavier and more expensive but they provide a substantial longer life span than the non-FIE blades. Epee blades are usually more expensive than the foil or saber blades.  However, the FIE epee blades are NOT required in U.S. local or national tournaments but are required for all international tournaments.

The Sabre

The Sabre differs from foil and epee in the actual action. sabre involves more slashing while foil and epee fencers pokes the opponents for the most part. The target area for sabre is any place above the waistline including arms and head. Sabre fencers must wear an electrical jacket (called a lame) for target area. Some sabre blades are FIE approved.

The FIE approved blades are usually made from a type of high-end stainless steel metal called Maragine. The FIE blades are a little heavier and more expensive but they provide a substantial longer life span than the non-FIE blades. Unlike foil and epee, sabre FIE blades are NOT required in domestic or international tournaments.

If you are interested in trying out the sport for yourself, book one of our classes or sit in and observe our students during a practice. Feel free to ask questions and take notes!

Stay on top of all things fencing! Keep up on exciting tips, news and updates from us! Have you always wanted to try fencing? Pro Fencing Academy is a top-notch Orlando Fencing School that offers basic, intermediate and competitive classes. Take classes from our Master Coach, Aleksandr Gromov. To schedule an appointment for get more information, call (321) 972-6977 or email info@profencingacademy.com.